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Norwegian Lundehund Home country: Norway

Original Name: Norsk Lundehund
Norwegian Lundehund adult - coat 2
The Lundehund, also known as the Norwegian Lundehund, is a spitz-type dog originally from Norway. In its country of origin, it is used to hunt puffins (a sea bird with a large bill). The Lundehund is an alert and lively dog.

Lundehunds are medium sized dogs, with coats that are usually tawny and white. They are characterized by having 6 toes on their back paws.



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Norwegian Lundehund adult - coat 2

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The name Lundehund means “puffin hound”. The breed’s original purpose in Norway was to hunt and bring home puffins. These penguin-like birds with a large, colored beak were a source of food and money for the Lundehund’s master.

In order to reach its prey, the Lundehund is equipped with six toes on each foot: four standard toes and two dewclaws. These help the dog to grip the cliff side and push it into narrow spaces. The Lundehund is also the only four-legged animal, besides the caribou, that can tilt its head backward so that the back of the skull touches the spine. This also helps it to capture its prey in the narrow crevices. To avoid moisture drops and falling dirt, the dog can fold its ears closed, protecting the inner ear.

Fossilized dogs similar to the Lundehund have been found in Russia, dating as far back as the last Ice Age, 5000 years ago, causing scientists to believe it may be one of the oldest dog breeds. However, despite its long history and heritage, the puffins became an endangered species in the 1800s. The usefulness of the Lundehund is nearly obsolete, but it is considered to be one of the rarest dog breeds in the world. Recently, breed clubs, which establish breeding standards and maintain pedigree records, have risen in an effort to preserve the Lundehund breed.

The Lundehund is recognized as a breed by the FCI, CKC, NKC, ACR, DRA, AKC, and the NAPR. It is considered a Non-sporting breed specializing in agility and retrieving. Its behavior is mostly friendly and non-aggressive, but it tends to be wary of strangers. They can develop digestive health problems when fed grain-based dog food. The breed does much better when fed primarily meat. They can be difficult to train as they can be stubborn. Because of this, crate training is recommended, especially for housebreaking. The Lundehund is an active, playful dog, and requires either a long daily walk or a fenced in yard to meet its exercise needs.

The Lundehund is a small, Spitz-like dog with fallow to reddish brown dense fur, in addition to black tips and white markings. It may also appear white with reddish or black markings. It has erect ears and its tail curls over its back.
This text was written by Crowshade
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